The Mexico Supreme Court is an old institution that serves to provide judicial resolution of Mexican legal matters. It is the highest court in the country and operates with the final say. No other resource or authority may affect a decision that the Supreme court of Mexico renders. It is the court of last resort for legal issues affecting the country. If you’re not yet familiar with the judicial system, here are twenty things you probably didn’t know about the Mexico Supreme Court.
1. The Mexico Supreme Court leads the lower courts
Explorando Mexico reports that the Mexico Supreme Court is a component of the judicial system in Mexico. It is the leader as well as the representative of the other courts in the land, including the Electoral Tribunal, the District Courts, and Collegiate Courts. It functions to preserve the order of the Supreme Law: The Constitution of the Mexican States and to enforce the law. It is the highest court of Justice of Mexico.
2. The Mexico Supreme Court is the final authority
when the Mexico Supreme Court makes a ruling there are no excuses or protests that can get in the way of the letter of the law. When it issues judgments, they must be complied with. The rulings are made per the principles of autonomy regarding the nations.
3. The Mexico Supreme Court may supersede other government officers
The Mexico Supreme Court is a powerful entity within the judicial system of Mexico. The Supreme Court has the power and authority to annul the laws and resolutions that federal agencies or state governments create if there is a belief that those laws or resolutions violate or contradict any laws from the Constitution or violate principles or freedoms. No government edicts are shielded from the eye or power of the Mexico Supreme Court.
4. The Mexico Supreme Court features organization in Plenums and Chambers
The Mexico Supreme Court has some things in common with the judicial systems of the United States, but it is also different in many aspects. the Supreme Court Chamber is comprised of five ministers. The Supreme Court Minister-President is not a chamber participant. There are five members of the Chamber. The Planum is a meeting that consists of eleven Supreme Court ministers. The meeting may be held in private if the court believes it is in the best interest of all parties. The meetings of the Mexico Supreme Court are usually public and televised.
5. The terms are long
Ministers that occupy seats on the Mexico Supreme Court agreed to serve for fifteen years. There are two ways to leave the post before the end of the term. They must either retire or resign from the job. The term durations for the Mexico Supreme Court are longer than most seats in the American Supreme Court. This guarantees continuity and consistency in maintaining the rulings.
6. The Mexico Supreme Court has two periods of work
The work year for the Mexico Supreme Court is divided into two periods. The first work period for the court begins in January on the first workday after the holidays. The period runs through the middle of July on the last business day. The second work period begins in August on the first working day or business day. It concludes during the middle of December.
7. The Supreme Court of Mexico has its website
Anyone interested in learning about the Mexico Supreme Court is afforded the opportunity. People are encouraged to visit the site and look through the tabs to find information to answer their questions about the entity. It contains detailed information about the way that the court works, the rules, the ministers, and more. There you will find data about meetings, dates, lists of involved parties, and information about the latest decisions rendered by the court.
8. The Mexico Supreme Court resolves impactful cases
The Mexico Supreme Court hears cases that significantly impact the quality of life for the people of Mexico. One such case is the ABC Nursery resolution. The problem was acts of negligence and omissions that happened at the hands of municipal and federal authorities regarding a fire inside the ABC Nursery. The Mexico Supreme court established a special commission to clarify the omissions and negligent acts. It also decides the best course of action to set the legal precedent for Electricity and State-Owned Enterprises Acts, bringing them into compliance with the Supreme Law and the Constitution. It handles civil cases such as the case where Governor Mario Marin got accused of poor treatment of an individual and violating her rights.
9. The Mexico Supreme Court is a hot tourist destination
Thousands of tourists flock to the Mexico Supreme Court when visiting the city. People interested in legislation and those just interested in seeing the colorful murals come to take their pictures at the site. Artists Jose Clemente Orozco and Rafael Cauduro are two artists who pained the murals that decorate the enclosure walls of the Mexico Supreme Court. The area is free to tour from 8:30 am through 5:30 pm, and it welcomes visitors. It has become a popular location for out of towners.
10. The Mexico Supreme Court has been around for nearly 200 years
Oxcon OUP Law reports that The Mexico Supreme Court was formed per the Constitution of Mexico in 1824. It has been in existence for 198 years as of 2022. The Mexico Supreme Court has a big birthday coming up in just two years.
11. The Mexico Supreme Court is the Court of Justice of the Nation that follows the USA model
The Mexico Supreme Court functions as the Constitutional Court of Mexico. The Court was created by the first Constitution of Independent Mexico, in 1824. Some parts of the constitution and the creation of the Supreme Court for Mexico were patterned after the model presented by the US Constitution. The first Supreme Court for Mexico was unstable. It was not until the Constitution of 1857 that the Supreme Court commenced function with a high degree of stability. It has gone through multiple stages of evolution to become what it is today.
12. The Supreme Court of Mexico provides a visitor’s guide
The Mexico Supreme Court realizes that tourism is an important part of the Mexican economy. It welcomes visitors and to make the experience more interesting, The court has developed a visitor’s guide. You can find a copy online at the official website. The guide provides answers to some of the questions that visitors commonly ask. It also identifies points of interest to make the visit even more interesting and educational.
13. The Mexico Supreme Court is part of an Inter-American system
Human rights are at the top of the agenda for many entities within the legal system and the Mexican Supreme Court is no exception. The court and the country of Mexico are part of the Inter-American system that exists for the protection of human rights. Mexico ratified the American Convention on Human Rights in 1981. It recognizes the competence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights as a binding document for all Mexican judges the following year. The Supreme Court of Mexico recognizes the authority of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The collaboration with all members is an international effort to ensure that all participants ensure that human rights violations are addressed within their respective nations.
14. The Mexico Supreme Court has a rich and storied history
The first predecessor of the Mexico Supreme Court goes back to the War of Independence. The associated Constitution of Apatzingan, drafted in 1814 made provision for a Supreme Court. The court has evolved significantly since its early beginnings. It’s essential to understand the beginnings of the court, its changes, and where it is now to understand how much it has changed since the War of independence.
15. The first Mexico Supreme Court was very different
The first Judges appointed to the Mexico Supreme Court were appointed for three-year terms. The Constitution called for the court to maintain five seats on the panel. The structure of the first court was much different than the modern version. In 1814, the five justices were appointed by congress. They served for terms of three years. In 1824, the Constitution formally established that modern structure of three chambers with eleven justices and a prosecutor. The first justices received appointments by state legislatures with lifetime terms. It has since been shortened to fifteen-year terms. It’s plain to see that the Mexico Supreme Court has undergone numerous changes throughout its evolution to a modern court.
16. The Mexico Supreme Court changed its appointment methods in 1917
The year 1917 brought many changes to the Mexico Supreme Court. It was a post-Mexican Revolution era that saw the Constitution of 1917 ratified. It changed the method for the appointment of the justices to the Supreme Court. Candidates for the seats were nominated by the state legislatures in the first step. The second step in the process was appointed by Congress. Eleven seats comprised the panel. The Constitution was still a forerunner of the modern Mexican Supreme Court.
17. The 1928 Constitution brought more changes
The Constitution of Mexico was amended again in 1928. It brought about yet more changes to the Mexico Supreme Court. It established a full court that would sit in chambers with sixteen justices, an increase from five judges. This was a significant number of judges, but it was just the beginning. By 1934, another amendment increased the number to twenty-one justices with a fourth chamber ordered. The composition was changed again in 1950 with five more supernumerary justices added. they did not take part in the full court. In 1994, the number of chambers was reduced to two with eleven justices for 15-year terms. The Senate appointed the justices from candidates proposed by the President of the Republic.
18. The Chief Justice is appointed similarly to most USA positions
The Chief Justice seat on the Mexico Supreme Court is similar in format to many of the state-level supreme courts in the USA. The Chief Justice is chosen by a vote of peers consisting of the ten other justices who sit on the panel for the Supreme Court. The duration of the term for the Chief Justice is four years. At the end of the term, the former Chief Justice returns to the original position before the election of peers and finishes out the term.
19. The Supreme Court is in Mexico City
Wikipedia shares that The Mexico Supreme Court, also known as Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nacion is in the capital city. It’s address is Pino Suarez no. 2, Colonia Centro, Delegacion Cuauhtemoc, C.P. 06065, Mexico City. It’s the biggest tourist destination in the country.
20. Candidates for the Mexico Supreme Court must meet minimum requirements
Each candidate seeking a nomination for a seat on the Mexico Supreme Court must meet specific requirements to be eligible for consideration. The candidates must be natural-born citizens of the country of Mexico. The age restrictions mandate the candidate to be at least 35 years of age or older, but 65 years or younger at the time of the appointment. Judge candidates must have a law degree and have held that degree for a minimum of ten years. The candidate must have a solid reputation with no breach of trust, forgery, fraud, or theft convictions. There must be no record of any other offenses that carry a sentence of over a year in prison. Candidates must not have been a director for Domestic Affairs, a Federal District Attorney, member of Parliament, Governor of a state, Chief executive of the Federal District, Attorney General of the Republic, or Administrative Department Chief within a year before the appointment, Candidates must be able to serve honorably and effectively in the administration of justice.